He has attained that preeminence which follows superior ability and concentrated effort and his supremacy in his art is widely acknowledged. SIMONS, whose extended activities in real estate and in banking in Detroit have won him classification with the leading citizens of Michigan's metropolis, was born in Kalwaryea, Russia, September 7, , his parents being Simon and Celia Epstein Simons. In his youthful days he was a pupil in public and private schools of his native city and in , when fourteen years of age, he became a resident of Detroit. Through the early period of his connection with this city he was a junk dealer, operating as a member of the firm of S.
From that initial point in his business career he extended his efforts to paper manufacturing, in which he was engaged until In the latter year he concentrated his efforts and attention upon real estate dealing, buying and selling realty and also engaging in speculative building, constructing many houses and also factories in Detroit, his operations being carried on under the name of the Simons Realty Company.
He is, however, sole owner of the business, which has constituted an important element in Detroit's development, for he has negotiated many important. Entering financial circles, he became the president of the Hamtramck State Bank and served in that capacity for a number of years. On the 7th of March, , in Peoria, Illinois, Mr. Simons was united in marriage to Miss Laura S. Broudy and they have reared a family of eight children: Charles C. Kaplan; Nathan; George; Sol M.
The last named served with the rank of lieutenant in the Aviation Corps of the United States army. Fraternally Mr. He holds to the religious faith of his forefathers and is president of the Shaaryzedeck Synagogue. He belongs to the Detroit Real Estate Board and the Detroit Board of Commerce and in both connections has done much to further the welfare and advance the progress of the city.
Moreover, he has served his city in several public capacities. He was appointed commissioner of public lighting in Detroit in , filling that position until and serving for two terms as president of the commission. He was then reappointed for a six years term but resigned. He is now a member of the Detroit city council to serve for a term expiring in January, He served on all the Liberty Loan drives during the period of the war, doing splendid work in this connection.
He is the treasurer of the United Jewish Charities, of which he was the first president, and he is a man of broad humanitarian spirit, prompting him to extend constantly a helping hand where aid is needed. His charity and his patriotism, like his business ability, are outstanding features in his career. His business record is truly a notable one, for he started out in life empty-handed, working his way steadily upward through the wise utilization of each opportunity that came to him, each forward step bringing him a broader outlook and greater chances for successful business achievement.
Since entering the real estate field he has made notable advancement and is today numbered among Detroit 's men of affluence.
FRED E. Detroit's early development was like that of most cities-a gradual. At length, however, it became the center of a trade that has made it one of the foremost industrial cities on the face of the globe and a leader in the line of automobile manufacturing. The business opportunities thereby created have been utilized by men alert, energetic and determined, who have not only seen but have anticipated the needs and possibilities of business in connection with the automobile trade. Among this number is Fred E. Holmes, now president of the Fred E.
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Holmes Company, manufac turers' agents and dealers in automobile materials. Along substantial lines he has developed his business to gratifying proportions, nor has he confined his efforts alone to this single industry, for he is at the same time identified with several other important corporate interests which have made him one of the real factors in the development and upbuilding of the city. Both came to Michigan in early life. The father was a well known marine engineer and followed that business largely on the Great Lakes, passing away at Port Huron in His widow is now a resident of Royal Oak, Michigan.
They were the parents of five children, of whom Fred E. Holmes Company and rated as one of the prominent young business men of this city; and Gladys, the wife of Clinton J. Allen of Detroit. Fred E. Holmes acquired his education in the public schools of Port Huron. When his textbooks were put aside he started out in the business world as an employe in the Lowell State Bank of Lowell, Michigan, of which he subsequently became cashier, there remaining until , when he removed to Detroit and entered the employ of H. He then resigned to enter business on his own account in He had become interested in the automobile industry and his activities along that line quickly developed into the handling of automobile materials.
He organized the Fred E. Holmes Company, manufacturers' agents for automobile materials and parts, and of this company has since been the president. Under his careful guidance, resulting from sound judgment and keen discrimination in business affairs, the company has become one of the largest concerns of the kind in the state, its annual sales being represented by many figures. As he has prospered, reaching a place among Detroit's capitalists, he has also extended his efforts into other fields and has become particularly active in connection with the commercialized amusement interests of Detroit.
He is now the secretary and treasurer of the Washington Theatre Company, having one of the finest motion picture houses in America. He is likewise the treasurer of the Orpheum Theatre Company of Detroit, conducting first-class vaudeville theatres in a number of the leading cities of the country. Holmes has likewise become a director of the Detroit Motor Appliance Company, a director of the Federal Discount Corporation of Detroit and is financially or officially connected with several other important business concerns.
His judgment is at all times sound and reliable and that his plans have been most carefully formulated and executed is indicated in the high position which he has reached as. On the 2d of October, , Mr. Holmes was married to Miss Mabelle A. Carroll, of Logansport, Indiana, and they are well known in the leading social circles of the city.
They have one child, Jean Carroll, whose birth occurred in Detroit, October 14, All those forces which make for material, intellectual, social and moral progress receive his endorsement, and as a member of the Detroit Board of Commerce he cooperates in various projects which are put forth for the benefit and upbuilding of the city and the endorsement and promotion of high civic standards.
The subjective and objective forces in his life are well balanced and the purpose of his life is to meet the obligations which the conditions of society impose at the present time. Thus while he has developed and controlled mammoth business enterprises, he has always recognized his duties and obligations in other connections and Detroit has benefited much by his activities.
He is the president of the Fellowcraft Athletic Club of Detroit, on the membership roll of which are found the names of the city's most prominent business and professional men. After acquiring a public school education in his native town he removed to Detroit in , then a young man of twenty-one years. He made his initial step in the business circles of this city as an employe of the hardware establishment of T.
In that year he organized the bond and investment business that has since been conducted under the style of W. Gas Company, the Grand Haven Mich. Gas Company, the Fulton N. Among the numerous other directorates of which he is a member are the Interstate Fire Insurance Company and the Security Mortgage Company. In promioting these public utilities he has contributed to the development and upbuilding of various sections, his labors being far-reaching and resultant.
He also lias numerous smaller interests and his cooperation is eagerly sought in behalf of business projects because of his recognized enterprise and executive ability, which enables him to discriminate readily between the essential and the non-essential in business affairs. Osmun of Detroit; and Helen L.
McGregor and ied in September, With various organizations and clubs Mr. Moss is connected. He has long been recognized as a strong and resourceful business man who lhas ever employed constructive methods, so that his path has never been strewn with the wreck of other men's failures. Responding readily to the call of opportunity, his activities have not only been forceful factors in the upbuilding of his awn fortunes but in the development and advancement of public prosperity as well. Spending his youthful days under the parental roof, C.
Lester French continued his education in the Eastern high school of the city and afterward attended the Detroit Business Institute. He early occupied a position as bookkeeper in the Dime Savings Bank and through capability, fidelity and diligence won promotion to the position of teller in the bank. In , however, he resigned in order to engage in business on his own account and joined the Model Body Corporation on the 1st of November, becoming. This company does its own designing and makes open and enclosed bodies, sample bodies and also hoods. The bodies contain trays and other automobile equipment, and the firm has already established a high reputation for its "model bodies.
French is today the moving spirit in the company. Quiet in demeanor, he is nevertheless a forceful and resourceful business man, ready to meet any emergency and constantly studying the questions and problems that in any way relate to the trade in the point of manufacture and of sales. His thoroughness and energy have been potent forces in the attainment of the success of the company, which is constantly growing. French is of the Episcopal faith, being a communicant of the Church of the Messiah, and his political endorsement is given to the republican party. On his father's side Mr.
Demory is of Trench and German extraction, while his maternal ancestry includes both English and Irish lineage. The Demory family goes back a number of generations in the Old Dominion, among its connections being the Link family, which is also an old and highly respected one in that state. Adam R. Demory spent the early years of his life on a farm in Virginia and received his preliminary eduucation in the public schools of that state.
He was but five years old when his father died and subsequent changes in the family led to his making his home with relatives, the Links, after his tenth birthday. The limited opportunities of that part of the country for a young man thrown on his own resources caused Mr. Demory to leave Virginia when about eighteen years of age. Locating in Cleveland, Ohio, he remained there for several years. In the meantime he continued his education, taking a course in commercial law and bookkeeping.
He also studied as a draftsman and acquired a practical knowledge of the manufacturing business. His connection with the Timken interests has been continuous and dates back to , when he became identified with the Timken Roller Bearing Company at Canton, Ohio. In he and several of his associates came to Detroit and founded the Timken-Detroit Axle Company, now the foremost industrial enterprise of its character in America, operating a number of plants in Michigan and one in Ohio. Step by step Mr. Demory advanced through intermediate positions until he became the vice president and general manager of this company.
He thus served for a number of years and in January, , was elected to the presidency, this being the sequent result of his thorough understanding of every phase of the business combined with administrative powers and ex ecutive ability. Among his other business connections he is president of the Auto Crank Shaft Corporation and a member of the board of directors of the National Bank of Commerce of Detroit. Demory has been twice married, his first wife being Miss Grace Artz, of Cleveland, whose death occurred in Detroit. The present Mrs. Demory was previous to her marriage Miss Florence Selden of New York and is a descendant of one of the old colonial families of Connecticut.
In his religious affiliations Mr. Demory belongs to the Presbyterian faith and is chairman of the board of trustees of the Jefferson Avenue church of that denomination. He has been a constant student not only of every phase of business with which he has been brought into contact either directly or indirectly but also a student of men and measures and of those forces which have to do with public progress and improvement. Country Club. The Detroit home of Mr. JOHN H. John McPherson, father of the subject of this sketch, had the distinction of being the first foreman in the old car barns at Buffalo, New York, when street cars were hauled by horses.
McPherson was educated in the public schools and started his business life with the old Detroit Motor Company, of which W. Mayberry was then the head, and here Mr. McPherson remained until , when the company went out of business. While in this employ he lost no opportunity to increase his knowledge of the motor industry, his application in this direction serving him well in later times. The next step taken by Mr. McPherson was to become associated with the Commercial Supply Company, with whom he remained for seven years.
He then moved to California, but at the end of a year, in , he returned to the Commercial Supply Company, spending the next eight years with that company. It was in that Mr. McPherson went into business on his own account, establishing the Commerce Electric Company, of which he is the proprietor, and under his control and supervision all kinds of. On Thanksgiving Day, , Mr. McPherson was united in marriage to Helen H.
Hassett, and they have become the parents of one daughter, Marie. McPherson take an interested part in the social and cultural activities of Detroit, and their support is always unstintingly given to all projects intended to promote the welfare of the community. His father, William E.
Moloney, born in , was a native of County Tipperary, Ireland. He came to the United States with his parents about and the family home was established in Detroit about Four years later William E.
Moloney wedded Gertrude Fey and they continued residents of this city until called to their final rest. Moloney was very prominent in the public life of the community, served for two terms as alderman, and in was president of the city council, in which connection he exercised his official prerogatives in support of many progressive measures that constituted a valuable contribution to the upbuilding and welfare of Detroit.
He was also very active in promoting the National Guard movement here and was one of the organizers of the Montgomery Rifles. He passed away in , having survived his wife one year. John E. Moloney pursued his education in the schools of Detroit, after which he spent five years as a student in Canisius College in Buffalo, New York, completing his course there in , after which he returned to Detroit and became associated with his father in business.
This connection was maintained until He entered upon the study of law in February, , and on the 14th of December of that year was admitted to the bar. He at once took up the work of the profession and as the years passed became more and more intrenched in the ranks of Detroit's leading and capable lawyers. For a considerable period he was associated with the Hon. Moloney formed his present partnership with Ernest P. In Detroit, in , occurred the marriage of John E. Moloney and Miss Martha Wilson. Fraternally he is connected with the Elks and Knights of Pythias and his political support is given to the republican party.
Moloney was exalted ruler of the local lodge of Elks, during which time plans were begun for the erection of the present Elks building, considered the finest structure of its kind in the country. Moloney was the prime mover in this project from its beginning until its completion.
Among those who studied law in the office of Mr. Moloney who have reached prominence in the profession are: Judge Harry J. Dingeman of the circuit court and ex-Prosecuting Attorney Mattlew H. As president of the company which bears his name Lloyd H. Stradley is well known in commercial circles of Detroit, being at the head of a business of extensive proportions. He handles the candies made by the Bunte Companyone of the high class and most popular grades on the market-and his interests are conducted most wisely and capably, resulting in the attainment of a gratifying measure of prosperity.
He was born in Dresden, Ohio, August 13, , a son of Harvey and Sarah Lewis Stradley, who became the parents of six children, one of the brothers of the subject of this review, Carl R. Stradley, being now associated with him in business. In the attainment of his education Lloyd H. Stradley attended the public schools of Coshocton, Ohio, and the high school of Martinsburg, after which he became a student in Dennison University at Granville, Ohio. On completing his studies he took up educational work and for two years taught in the rural schools of the state, while for four years he was principal of schools at Mount Vernon, Ohio, doing excellent work as an educator.
Kiefer Drug Company. In he went to Indianapolis, Indiana, and there engaged in business for himself as a cigar broker, thus continuing until , when he became associated with the Harry W. Watson Company of Flint and Detroit, Michigan. He was identified with that firm until the 1st of January, , when he again established an independent enterprise, opening an office on Bates street in Detroit and conducting his interests under the name of the Lloyd H.
Stradley Company. He is at present located at No. He handles the well known Bunte confections, a popular and high grade candy, and employs one of the most efficient sales forces in Detroit, having ever made it a point to secure experts in this line, for he has found that the return in service more than offsets the increase in salary. As he ever treats his employes with the utmost consideration and fairness he has secured their hearty cooperation and goodwill and this has resulted in increased efficiency in the operation of the business.
He caters to the retail trade in Wayne county and his well known reliability and integrity, combined with his enterprising and progressive. He carefully supervises every detail of the business and that he possesses executive ability of a superior order is indicated in the fact that within the past three years the volume of his sales has grown from thirty-seven thousand to five hundred thousand dollars annually, this being one of the largest enterprises of the kind in the city. He has always handled a first-class product in a firstclass manner and has commissioned his sales force to educate the retail dealers to demand a superior article and then supply them with it and this is undoubtedly one of the chief factors in his success.
On the 4th of June, , Mr. Stradley was united in marriage to Miss Ida Hopkins and they have become the parents of two daughters: Mary Elizabeth, who was born March 2, ; and Marjorie Ellen, born December 3, In his political views he is independent, casting his ballot in favor of the candidate whom he regards as best fitted for office without considering party ties. He is a man of kindly, sympathetic nature and a generous contributor to many charitable projects.
His aid and cooperation have been found on the side of progress and advancement at all times and he has ever stood for those forces which work for the uplift of the individual and the betterment of the community at large. What he has accomplished represents the fit utilization of his innate powers and talents. He is alert, ready for any chance for advancement and equally ready to meet any emergency, and a substantial enterprise stands as a monument to his energy, industry and superior business ability.
Prominence is not something which fate bestows upon a favorite few but it is a quality and an attribute to be won through earnest endeavor, intelligently directed. It is a trite saying that there is always room at the top, but comparatively few seem to comprehend this, or lack the ambition to put forth the effort necessary to reach an exalted place in any given line of business.
Capability is won, not bestowed, and with a recognition of this fact in the early part of his professional career, Dr. James Henry Boulter has steadily advanced until he occupies a most enviable position among the surgeons of Detroit. The father was born in Ontario, February 14, , while his father came from England. Wellington Boulter devoted his life largely to the canning business, and was the pioneer canner of fruits and vegetables in Ontario, where he established business in , continuing in the canning and preserving of vegetables and fruits until , at which time he dispased of his business and has since lived retired in Detroit, enjoying in well earned rest the fruits of his former toil.
His wife was born April 1, , and passed away in Detroit, May 1, In their family were six children: Frank E. The others are: Mrs. James Henry and Lillian Leone, all of Detroit. Boulter, who was the fifth in order of birth in the family, spent his boyhood in attendance at the public and high schools at Picton, Ontario, after which he entered the McGill University at Montreal, Canada, and was graduated with the Bachelor of Arts degree in the class of , and that of M. He received appointment as interne in the Montreal General Hospital, in which he continued for a year, gaining that broad and valuable experience which comes through hospital practice, and on the expiration of this period he sought the professional opportunities offered in the rapidly growing city of Detroit.
During the first ten years of his residence here he continued in general practice. For the past nine years he has specialized in general surgery and today occupies an enviable place as one of the eminent surgeons of Detroit. In he took a trip abroad, visiting various prominent medical and surgical centers of the old world, in order to improve his knowledge of major surgery. He visited various clinics and hospitals in the different capitals of Europe and in the British Isles, and decided, upon his return, to concentrate his efforts and attention upon surgical work.
In he was admitted to the American College of Surgeons and was made a fellow and charter member of this organization. He belongs as well to the Wayne County, the Michigan State and the American Medical Associations, and he is a member of the teaching staff of the Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery, and a member of the surgical staff of Grace Hospital of Detroit, while his connection with the Detroit United Railway Company is that of consulting surgeon.
On the 12th of October, , Dr. Boulter was married to Miss Evelyn C. Crawford of Denver, Colorado, a daughter of Mr. George E. Crawford of that city, and they have become the parents of two children: Frank Crawford, born in Detroit, December 11, ; and Edward Malcolm, born August 27, He has membership in the Masonic fraternity, belongs to Corinthian Lodge, No. He resides at Wilson avenue. His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church, and in his practice there have been many expressions of his belief in the principle of the brotherhood of mankind.
A native of England, he was born in Essex county on the 8th of May, , and is a son of George and Amelia Stevens IIigho, who were also natives of that country and came to America in , first settling in Trenton, Wayne county, Michigan, and afterward removing to Detroit. The father was the first man appointed Sealer of Weights and Measures at Detroit, after the creation of the office in connection with the police department, and served with the rank of captain to the time of his death, which occurred October 28, He had for several years survived his wife, who passed away in Detroit, May 13, They had a family of five children, four of whom are yet living: George W.
Hook, of Detroit; Colonel Edgar M. Florence M. Hook, living at Los Angeles, California. George W. Kelso, attorney, and R. On the 7th of February, , he became a clerk with the Calvert Lithographing Company, with which concern he has since been associated. He worked his way up and in was elected to office as secretary and treasurer of the company, in which he continued for ten years. In March, , he was called to the presidency, which office he still holds, and he is also the largest stockholder.
Heigho is a member and one of the directors of the National Association of Employing Lithographers; a member and vice president of the Label Manufacturers National Association; also a member of all important national and local organizations dealing with industrial and civic matters. Webster of this city. They have one child, William Stevens, who was born October 7, , and is attending a preparatory school. They reside at No.
Heigho turns to golf and motoring for recreation. His political belief is that of the republican party and in all political matters he manifests progressive tendencies.
His religious faith is that of the Episcopal church. His progress has resulted from close application, unabating industry and energy. His father and grandfather also lived in Detroit. David was educated in the public schools, and later learned the trade of sheet metal worker in this state, in the town of Coopersville. On the completion of his apprenticeship he moved to Grand Rapids, where he worked for several years, the latter part of the time with C.
David came to Detroit and in conjunction with Mr. The Detroit concern, hovever, is a seperate undertaking, and is managed and controlled by Mr. The company handles orders for nearly every big factory in Detroit and vicinity. Recently the Detroit company installed a blower system for the Fisher Body Corporation, which is the largest of its kind in Michigan. David, since coming to Detroit and embarking as a manufacturer, has never had reason to look back, this satisfactory condition of affairs being due in great measure to his knowledge of the business and to his sound judgment.
In November, , Mr. David, who is associated in the business with his father. He is a member of the Fellowcraft Club, the Detroit Masonic Country Club, and the Board of Commerce, in the affairs of all of which he takes a warm interest, as he also does in all civic matters calculated to advance the social and commercial prosperity of the city of his adoption, where he is known as an excellent citizen and thorough business man.
The vast wholesale bakery plant conducted under the name of the Wagner Baking Company at Detroit has been largely developed and improved by Henry Wagner, Jr. The name of Wagner has been. Henry Wagner, Sr. On the 1st of April, , he established the Wagner Bakery in a small building on Grand River avenue and remained a factor in the trade until his death, which occurred in this city in , when he had reached the age of eighty-seven years, although his sons had long since relieved him of the active care and responsibilities of the business.
He married Helena Girst, also a native of Germany. Their family included Henry Wagner, Jr. He had attended the schools of his native land and learned the baking business under the direction of his father, working in various departments of the Detroit plant until he had gained an intimate and comprehensive knowledge of the business, and is therefore most thoroughly qualified to direct the labors of those who are in his employ. The business, as indicated, was established and developed by the father and has been carried on by the sons, who have made this one of the most extensive productive industries of the kind in the middle west.
The building covers a ground space of three hundred and seventy-eight by two hundred and seventy-four feet. Its equipment is thoroughly modern in every particular and it is one of the most sanitary plants of the kind in the world. The bread is never handled by human hands from the time the bulk of flour is measured out until it is ready for delivery. The plant was planned and erected after an extended tour of the country had been made by Mr.
Wagner to all the most important bakery plants. He carefully noted what was best in each one and incorporated the idea into his own modern bakery. The building was erected with the strongest concrete supports to maintain the tremendous capacity of weight on the upper floors, where can be stored a million pounds. This is apparently a new departure in large wholesale bakeries and the idea originated with Mr. Wagner, who placed the flour on the upper floors to avoid handling after it is stored in the building.
From the upper floors it is run through chutes to the mixers and is never again touched by human hands until ready for the delivery wagons. So clean and sanitary is everything about the establishment that a visit thereto is of the utmost delight as one views the scientific and mechanical processes that are employed in the manufacture of bread. In connection with the bread baking a large shipping department is maintained and the company also owns an extensive stable and garage, the former eighty by one hundred and twenty feet and the liter eighty by eighty feet.
The employes number three hundred and the company is a close corporation. Henry Wagner, Jr. On the 18th of May, , Mr. Gmeiner and they have one child, Wilfred; Adele, a graduate of the Detroit high school, is at home. Wagner is a republican in his political views. Fraternally he is a Mason who has attained the Knights Templar degree of the York Rite and has also taken the consistory degree in the Scottish Rite and is a Mystic Shriner. He belongs to the Concordia Singing Society and has ever been a lover of music. He is connected with the Detroit Chamber of Commerce and is interested in all those forces which make for the city's benefit and upbuilding.
He has here made his home through fifty-three years and throughout almost the entire period he has been connected with the baking business, entering his father's employ when the latter established a small bakery in The business has been developed with the growth of the city until it is today one of the most important commercial interests of Detroit, in which the most careful systematization is maintained, while the most progressive methods of scientific bread making have been employed in the production of a product, the popularity of which has enabled the company to develop one of the largest plants of the kind in the Mississippi valley outside of Chicago.
McInerney occupies a prominent position in commercial circles of Detroit and in business matters his judgment has ever been found sound and reliable and his enterprise unfaltering. He is a man of resolute purpose and marked strength of character and he has ever directed his business by rules which govern strict integrity and unfaltering industry.
He has spent his life in Detroit and has therefore witnessed the rapid development of the city and in the work of general improvement and upbuilding he has borne his full share. McInerney was born September 15, , at Fifth and Abbott streets, in the section of the city then known as Corktown, a son of Patrick and Margaret White McInerney, who reared a family of six. He pursued his education in the parochial schools of Detroit, after which he entered the Jesuit College of this city, where he remained a student for three years.
On starting out in the business world he became an employe of the Detroit Electric Company, manufacturers of electrical equipment, working in their shop for fifteen years, and during the last five years of that period he acted as foreman. He then entered business on his own account, establishing the Royal Shoe Company, of which he became president, the first location of the business being at the corner of State street and Woodward avenue, whence a removal was subsequently made to the Stevens building.
The company handles the E. Wright shoe, which is one of the highest grades of shoes manufactured, and has built up a large patronage, theirs being one of the leading stores of the kind in the city. They employ a large force of experienced salesmen and their courteous treatment of customers, combined with their reasonable prices and well known reliability and integrity, has recommended them to the general public. Being a man of resourceful business ability, Mr. McInerney extended his efforts in other directions and in October, , he purchased the Faltis Poultry Market from his brotherin-law, John Faltis, whose father, John Faltis, had been the founder of the business, of which the subject of this review is now the sole owner.
This market is capable of handling twenty-one thousand head of poultry and is the largest exclusive poultry marketunder one roof in the entire country. It is equipped with a refrigerating plant, also generates its own electricity and is one of the most modernly appointed and sanitary plants in the world. This is the only plant in Detroit which handles poultry exclusively, killing, packing and catering to the wholesale trade. They handle none but the highest grades of poultry and the volume of their business is limited only by the supply which they are able to obtain from the farmers with whom they deal.
Their business is conducted on a strictly cash basis, all bills being promptly met, and they have thus established an excellent standing in commercial circles of the city, the farmers preferring to deal with them, owing to this fact. They employ the most modern methods of handling the poultry, everything being kept in the most sanitary condition, resulting in the elimination of all objectionable odors, so that the market has become recognized as a model of its kind. McInerney's four sons are associated with him in the business, which ranks with the largest commercial enterprises of the city, their patronage having reached extensive proportions.
He also has invested heavily in real estate, believing that this city is destined to become one of the greatest industrial centers of the country, and he is preeminently a business man whose record is written in terms of success. He possesses a genius for organization and an aptitude for successful management.
Two large com mercial enterprises stand today as monuments to his enterprise, executive ability and administrative direction. McInerney and other Detroit capitalists effected the organization of St. On the 22d of January, , Mr. McInerney is a democrat and in religious faith he is a Catholic. The original authority of the Governor to " make regulations for peace, order and good government was not restricted.
A short time after, the attorney- " general of Vancouver Island introduced a bill for assimilating its laws " with those of British Columbia. There then remained only the question " of the seat of government—a rock which the act of union had discreetly I avoided. Amid the violent altercations of partisans, the choice fell on " Victoria, and though the bitterness of the defeat rankled long on the " mainland, no effort subsequently availed to secure a reversion of the " decision. Union in British Columbia was brought about contemporaneously with the movement in Eastern Canada towards Confederation, the central idea of which was consolidation of the whole of British North America under one central gov- Entrance Into ernment of Canada.
No sooner, therefore, had union been Confederation accomplished locally than an agitation started in favor of Confederation, and it was an issue which, generally speaking, excited more interest than the lesser one already decided. Although sentiment in Vancouver Island, on the whole, was unfavorable to Confederation, the entire mainland, including Cariboo, then an important factor, was practically a unit in its favor. Old-time elements, represented by Sir James Douglas and Dr. Helmcken, the latter of whom was still an important public figure and widely influential, were in opposition, to some extent as a matter of sentiment easily understood; but in the case of Dr.
Helmcken opposition was founded on something more substantial. He did not think the time ripe, and argued that by waiting until the system had worked out satisfactorily in eastern Canada, British Columbia would receive more consideration and could demand better terms than by applying for admission at the outset; and it must be admitted that subsequent events proved that there was much wisdom in his contention. To go back a bit in the narrative, in order. Seymour strongly opposed the union of the colonies at first, but finally acquiesced.
James Douglas was knighted as a recognition of his eminent services, an honor that was richly merited, and upon his retirement took the opportunity he had long craved for, of visiting England and his old home in Scotland and of taking an extended trip on the continent of Europe. Upon his return to Victoria he sought the seclusion of private life and no longer took a part in public affairs.
The Governor opposed it. At the first, the activity " of these succeeded in shelving the question. Nevertheless, as early as " March, , a resolution passed the council in favor of the union, provided " fair and equitable terms could be obtained. Public meetings at Victoria, '" Barkerville and other points, soon after, gave solid endorsation to the "" project.
A confederation " league was formed and a convention held under its auspices at Yale. The real thing which jmade confederation popular in British Columbia and carried the day for it was the hope afforded of ending a hopeless isolation by railway communication with the Atlantic seaboard. There was very little of sentiment mixed up in the agitation and certainly relief from misgovernment or a bad system of government, though a contributing factor, was not of itself sufficient to have decided the people in favor of a change.
In any event, "the death of the Governor in led to the appointment of an avowed " advocate of confederation, Anthony Musgrave, previously governor of " Newfoundland, and with an experience of administration gained in the " West Indies. When the council, which had been recon- " stituted in , met for the session of , Musgrave had a series of " resolutions prepared for its consideration. On July 7th, the news was received from Ottawa " that the articles had been agreed upon, the construction of the transcon- " tinental railway guaranteed, and the delegates, who had been sent to " present the claims of the province, already on their way home.
Canada was to defray all charges in respect to the " salaries of the Lieutenant-Governor and of the judges of the superior and " county or district courts—likewise of department of customs, the postal I and telegraph services, the fisheries, the militia, the geological survey, " the penitentiary, the marine department, the care of the Indians and " other matters appertaining to the general government. A fortnightly " steam mail service between Victoria and San Francisco, and a weekly " service with Olympia, were to be maintained by the Dominion.
The new province was " given three seats in the Senate and six in the House of Commons. Finally, I it was agreed that the constitution of the executive authority and of the " legislature of British Columbia should continue until altered under the " British North America act, it being understood that the Dominion Gov- " ernment would consent to the introduction of responsible government " when desired by the people of British Columbia, and that it was the " intention of the British Columbia Government to amend the existing con- " stitution of the legislature by providing that a majority of its members " should be elective.
The union was to take place on a date to be fixed " by Her Majesty on addresses from the legislature of British Columbia " and of the parliament of Canada, the former being granted leave to " specify in its address the electoral districts for which the first election of "members to serve in the House of Commons should take place.
Meantime a representative had been despatched to " England to secure the needed change in the constitution of the colony and " the guarantee of the Imperial Government for the completion of the "Canadian Pacific Railway. For the election of the new council, which for " the first time in the history of the united colonies was pr-eponderatingly " representative in character, the colony was divided into eight electoral " districts, consisting of Victoria city, Victoria district, Nanaimo, New " Westminster, Hope, Yale and Lytton, Lillooet and Clinton, and Cariboo 1 and Kootenay.
Of these, Victoria city returned two members. The " election was held in November, and the council met in January, This done, an act was passed abolishing I the council and establishing a legislative assembly in its stead, the latter I to be elected once in every four years and to consist of twenty-four " members chosen by twelve electoral districts.
Thus it was effected that "responsible government should come into operation at the first session " of the legislature subsequent to the union with Canada. A qualification " and franchise act was passed and the council prorogued on March 28th. First, we have the Spaniards as the only European power with knowledge of, and dominion over, the shores of the American Pacific, acquired through discovery, and conquest of the natives. Then come the English buccaneers to rudely disturb the dreams of Spanish repose in exclusive sovereignty, followed by a long hiatus of comparative inactivity on the part of all nations.
The Russians, impelled by a policy of empire expansion, establish themselves on the northwest coast in the territory now known as Alaska, the basis of whose settlement is fur-trading. This incites the Spanish Government to a renewal of activities in order to strengthen and conserve their traditional rights to sovereignty over the Pacific ocean northward as well as southward. They acknowledge the Russian settlements as prior to their own in that region, but endeavor to create a claim, by expeditions of discovery, to exclusive jurisdiction over the coast line south of Russian America.
The Russian fur-trade in the far north, in addition to the fear of British enterprise, was undoubtedly the chief inciting cause of their new-found zeal. But the memorable visit of Captain Cook, and the publication of the journals of his voyage, gave the chief impetus to a series of voyages and trading expeditions which rendered the succeeding quarter of a century the most remarkable in Pacific coast history, and determined its future. The Spaniards as a power were, by the events of, and following, the American Revolution, thereafter eliminated from the arena of international disputation north of California.
With the definite demarcation of Russian territory by the treaty of , the claims to the coast between the latter and California are narrowed down to those of two claimants, Great Britain and the United States. What was known as the "Oregon Territory," a vast expanse of Indian lands, became the bone of contention.
There was a definite partition made under the provisions of the treaty of , whereby the 49th parallel, except with reference to the southern portion of Vancouver Island, was the dividing line. Two very important complications arose subsequently, one was the fixing of the boundary line through the strait of Georgia, south of the 49th parallel of latitude; the other was in regard to the delimitation of the Alaska boundary. Each of these was settled by arbitration. In , Vancouver Island became a Crown colony and in British Columbia was carved out of the mainland by Imperial enactment as an organized territory.
So that it took about years for events to narrow themselves down to a sphere of British influence in which we, as British Columbians, are exclusively interested.
The information with respect to each of these events is necessarily brief, but it indicates a line of investigation for those who might desire to pursue the subject more in detail and, incidentally, affords an outline of historical development. I -Francisco Pizarro reaches Darien. No definitive arrangement reached. Returns to Mexico. Lucas, the southern extremity of the peninsula of Lower California. Surprisingly accurate. Sails from Navidad in June.
Up to this time no vessels had sailed from the East Indies to America. Urdaneta by steering a northerly course from the Philippine Islands entered a region of variable winds and he was thus enabled to reach the coast of California, along which the prevailing norwesters carried his vessels safely to Mexico. Important discovery. Expedition fell into the hands of the Spaniards in a few months. Nearly all the freebooters were executed near Panama. Variously stated that Drake sailed northward as far as the 43rd and 48th parallels of latitude.
On account of the cold and fogs Sir Francis deemed it advisable to seek land. He made "a fair and good bay" under the 38th parallel, where he stayed for some five weeks, taking possession of the country in the name of Queen Elizabeth. Terrible hardships suffered by crew. Work nobly and faithfully executed; 42nd parallel of latitude reached.
Vessel under Martin de Aguila reached 43rd parallel and named Cape Blanco. Discovers mouth of a large river. Account published sixty- eight years later in a periodical entitled "Monthly Miscellany, or Memoirs of the Curious. Father Salvatierra, chief missionary, establishes Loreto on the eastern side of the peninsula, about two hundred miles from the Pacific.
Frobisher and Pond. Fidalgo and Elisa also on the coast. To him belongs the honor of being the first European to navigate the intricate channels dividing the island from the mainland. Fur Company, a rival to the North West Company, founded. He discovers and names the Thompson river. Racoon in Columbia river. War of , when Astoria is formally acquired. Victoria erected. Richard Blanshard apopinted governor. Helmcken, Speaker. Last meeting of the legislative council, Jan. Legislative council passed the terms of union with Canada, Jan. Black thrown from his horse and killed between New Westminster and Burrard inlet, March 23, Terms of union passed House of Commons, April 1, Death of Captain Mouatt, H.
Victoria Pioneer society organized, April 28, Powell, June 16, The first Dominion day, July 1, Direct telegraphic communication with Cariboo established July 15, Departure of Governor Musgrave for England, July 25, Death of the Rt.
Trimble, Speaker, Feb. Death of A. Waddington at Ottawa, of smallpox, Feb. Death of Hon. First provincial agricultural exhibition held, Oct. Death of Captain John Swanson, H. Heavy earthquake felt, Dec. News of death E.
Alston, formerly registrar-general and acting attorney- general, in Sierra Leone, Jan. Death of S. Driard, Driard hotel and Colonial hotel, Feb. Death of Captain Ella, one of the very early H. News of loss of steamer G. Wright, near Plumper pass, 31 lives lost, March 16, Death of Thos. Buie at Yale, April 20, News of the discovery of gold in the Cassiar district, by Henry Thibert, Aug. Foundation stone of the Victoria waterworks laid, Oct. Moodyville sawmill destroyed by fire, Dec. British Columbia's first royal commission convened to investigate the Texada island land scandal, March 21, Nanaimo incorporated a city, Dec.
Death of Judge A. Muir's mills at Sooke destroyed by fire, Jan. Loss of U. Charles Langley, an old resident of Victoria, died in California, July 25, Death of Captain W. McNeill, H. Loss of the steamer Pacific off Cape Flattery, with passengers, Nov. Attempted murder of Rev. Father Brabant on the west coast by a Hesquiat chief, Nov.
Death of Captain A. Starr of Olympia, July 14, Strike of miners at Wellington, Feb. Great quartz excitement Cariboo, Oct. First Thanksgiving day observed by the people of British Columbia, Nov. Royal commission to investigate charges of alleged corrupt practices made by members for Kootenay against Hon. Elliot, April 13, Dedication of Masonic temple, Victoria, Oct. Death by suicide of F. Roscoe, M. Terrible explosion at Wellington colliery, 12 miners killed, April 17, Death of Captain John Evans, M.
Death of the Hon. Carrall, B. Senator, at Woodstock, Ont, Sept. Davies, a pioneer auctioneer of Victoria, died, Sept. Ussher and J. Kelly, murdered by the McLean brothers, outlaws, Kamloops, Dec. Thomas Pollard, an intoxicated sailor, was chained to a post in a barn at Departure bay and the barn taking fire he was burned to death, July 3, Disastrous fire at Yale, T.
Great slide on the Thompson river, 20 miles above Spences Bridge, damming the river for 41 hours, Oct. Town Forks of Quesnel partly destroyed by fire, Oct. McLean brothers hanged at New Westminster, Jan. News of burning of H. Arrival of the first locomotive for the C. Launch of the steamer Elizabeth J. Irving, June 18, ; totally destroyed by fire at Hope, Sept. Death of Mr. Justice A. Rocke Robertson, first provincial secretary brother- in-law of Hon. Eberts , at Victoria, Dec. A leprous Chinaman, hanged and partly burned by his countrymen at New Westminster, supposed to prevent contagion, April 1, Launch of the steamer R.
Rithet, April 20, Death of Captain James A. Raymur, Victoria father of J. Raymur, water commissioner , July 31, Death of Preston Bennett, M. John Tod, Mt. Tolmie, a pioneer H. Arrival, on H. Death of the pioneer shipbuilder, Andrew Laing, Sept. A grand potlatch of Indians at Nanaimo, Nov. Esquimalt contested election case, unseating of Hon.
Hett attorney- general and seating of Charles E. Pooley, Nov. First service of the Church of Independents, Victoria, Jan. Canadian Pacific Navigation Company formed, Jan. Excitement about a proposed Fenian invasion in militia circles, Jan. Beaven Government resigned succeeded by the Smithe administration Jan. Captain Blasdell, a weil-known mining engineer, arrived at Victoria and had a lengthy interview with reference to dry dock, Island railway and Island lands, Jan. Gold discoveries in Kootenay; bonanza announced, Feb.
Loaded teams crossed the Fraser river at New Westminster, Feb. Old steamer Beaver ran on the rocks at first narrows, Burrard inlet, filled and sank, Feb. John Jessop appointed Dominion immigration agent, Victoria, March 30, Barbara Boscowitz Captain Warren launched, April 1, Death of John Muir, pioneer settler, at Sooke, aged 83, April 3, The centennial canoe, 63 feet long said to have been years old and exhibited at the Philadelphia exhibition , sent to Museum of Natural History, New York, April 3, McLellan, Victoria, secured right to plant oysters both sides of the Victoria arm for 20 years, April 28, Loss of the steamer Grappler, destroyed by fire four miles from Seymour narrows, about 50 lives lost, May 3, Lieutenant Diggle, R.
Robert Dunsmuir, May 12, The twenty-fifth anniversary of Father Rondeau's settlement in Cowichan celebrated, May 31, Death of Alphonse Verdier, an old Saanich settler, June 27, A company formed to work a copper lode at Sooke, "traced for twenty miles," July 1, First rail laid at Port Moody, July 20, The Hon. Robert Dunsmuir reported to have secured the contract for E. Death of Otto Hartnagel, one of the proprietors of the Driard hotel, Sept.
Joseph Hunter and party started to select a route for the E. Death of Captain Thomas Pritchard, Oct. Death of Andrew Hunter, a pioneer of Nanaimo, Jan. Edward Hanlan, the oarsman, in Victoria, Jan. Pepley, for 25 years an employee of the H. Death of William Leigh, twenty years city clerk of Victoria, May 1, Death of Alexander Caulfield Anderson, one of the best known of the old H. The old steamer Wilson G. Hunt, which came around the Horn in , laid up for good, May 9, A serious explosion at the South Wellington mines, twenty-three men killed, July 1, First cable message across the straits, Oct.
Satellite left Esquimalt for Metlakatla, in anticipation of Indian troubles, as the result of the dispute between-Missionary Duncan and Bishop Ridley, Nov. Sheriff seizes city hall of Victoria to satisfy a judgment obtained by a legal firm, Dec. Trimble, Jan.
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Death of Peter McQuade, Dec. Death of Mrs.
Vernon, March 29, Corner stone of Victoria theatre laid, March 31, Disallowance of the Chinese restriction act by the Dominion Government announced, March 31, The trial was a cause celebre, June 5, Arrival of first locomotive for E. Opening of the Point Ellice bridge, Victoria, the same that subsequently collapsed with such terribly fatal results, Aug. Official visit of the Marquis of Lansdowne to Victoria, having come overland on the route of the C. Grand opening of the new theatre, Victoria, Oct. First railway engine crossed the Columbia river at Farwell Revelstoke , Oct.
Sir C. Van Home and party arrive at Victoria over the C. First through freight received at Port Moody over C. The Victoria rice mills ready for operation, Nov. Death of Henry D. Saunders, an old resident of Victoria, Jan. Arrival of Harry Abbott, general superintendent of the Pacific division of the C.
Death of Richard Deighton, J. John Robson, James Cunningham and James Orr, representatives of New Westminster city and district in the legislative assembly, burned in I effigy for action in permitting non-Chinese clause in the government subsidy for branch lines to New Westminster to pass, April 8, Death of Dr. John Ash, formerly provincial secretary, April 17, Total destruction of Vancouver city by fire, June 13, The Esquimalt dry dock completed, June 26, Sir John A.
Macdonald and party arrive over the C. First through train over the E. Macdonald drives the last spike near Shawnigan lake, Friday, Aug. Death of J. Homer, M. Victoria Colonist sold by D. Hanging of R. Cluness at Nanaimo, Nov. Death of William Sterling, a pioneer, at Victoria, Nov. Raybould, M. First press telegrams received over the C. Mayor Beaugrand, Montreal, and party arrive in Victoria, Dec. Coal discovery on Tumbo island announced, Dec. Pimbury, a very early pioneer, at Quamichan, Feb. Thomas Richardson, rancher and cattle dealer, Nicola valley, died at Victoria, April 13, Death of Walter Akenhead, an old resident of Nanaimo, April 20, Terrible explosion in No.
Death of Captain H. Good at Victoria, May 10, The seizure of the sealing schooner Anna Beck in Behring sea, July 2, Opening of the Esquimalt graving dock, H. Cormorant first to enter, July 20, Price, Victoria, Aug. Wilson, steamer North Pacific, Aug. Curveau, pioneer florist, Victoria, at Lytton, Aug.
Serge at Ogden, news of, Aug. Coffin, New Westminster Sept. White, minister of the interior,. John Palliser, C. Canada-China mail subsidy. It is announced in the Victoria Colonist of Sept. Macdonald for the granting of a mail subsidy to the C. A sturgeon, 11 feet 9 inches, weighing lbs. The new C. Dawson arrived at Victoria from his exploration of the unknown northern interior, Oct. Charles M. Trew at New Westminster, Oct.
Death of Edward Stephens, C. Vancouver illuminated with gas, Nov. Standard time adopted in Victoria, Dec. Death of Johnathan Nutt, an old-timer, Dec. Noah Shakespeare, M. Death of John H. Pitts at Victoria, Dec. Gas explosion in the Wellington colliery, 75 perished, Jan. East Wellington mine closed down on account of dispute with miners, Feb. Richards, police magistrate of Victoria, March 2, News of death of H. Wilby, old-time resident Esquimalt, at Oporto, Portugal, Feb.
William Rich, a '52 pioneer, died at Nanaimo, March 30, Hills, wife of Bishop Hills, April 29, Arrival of the C. Caroline for scene of Indian troubles at Skeena, July 16, Death of Very Rev. Father Jonckan, a pioneer Oblate missionary, at Victoria, July 29, Death of Coote M.
Chambers, a pioneer accountant, well known, Aug. Consecration of Rt. Lemmens, R. Bishop of Vancouver Island and Alaska, Aug. New Westminster Southern railway begun, Aug. Death of Thomas Elwyn, deputy provincial secretary, Sept. Arrival of Dwight L. Moody, evangelist, at Victoria, Oct. Death of Charles J. Phillips, first chief of the Victoria fire brigade, Oct. John A. Cameron died at Barkerville, Nov. Death of an Indian woman, S. Kunotia Cornechian, at Victoria, aged years, Nov. Arrival of steamer Islander from Glasgow, Dec. The Islander and Premier refused a landing at Vancouver on account of small pox epidemic at Victoria, Jan.
First banquet of the board of trade, Vancouver, at the Hotel Vancouver, March 5, Charles E. Elliott, former premier, at San Francisco, April 9, Robert Dunsmuir at Victoria, April 12, Arrival of Sir Charles Tupper, Bart. Laying corner stone of the Jubilee hospital, April 23, Opening of the Victoria public library, May 10, Justice Gray, June 5, Davie, Premier of B.
C, Aug. Ice first manufactured at Victoria, Aug. Commenced construction of the Victoria electric tramway, Sept. Telephone line opened between Comox and Victoria, Sept. Death of E. Bodwell, Sr. Amphion struck a rock en route to Vancouver, with the Governor- General on board, Nov. New Westminster lighted with electricity for the first time, Dec. Death of Colonel Robert J. Stevens, U. Milne appointed collector of customs at Victoria, Jan.
Death of William Heathhorn, Victoria, Jan. Inauguration of the tramway in Victoria, Feb. Edward Allen, M. Commencement of ocean docks at Victoria by R. Rithet, April 3, Chisholm, M. William Jackson, Victoria, April 23, Death of Uriah Nelson at Victoria, May 2, Arrival of the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, May 21, What kind of private land?
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